Updated: 4 days ago
The American Locomotive Company is better known by the acronym of "ALCO" or simply "Alco." As the name suggests, the company built steam locomotives and later diesel-electric locomotives. The company was formed in 1901 by the merger of the Schenectady Locomotive Engine Manufactory of Schenectady, New York, with seven other smaller locomotive manufacturers. These included the Manchester Locomotive Works in Manchester, New Hampshire, and the Rhode Island Locomotive Works in Providence, Rhode Island.
The Schenectady Locomotive Engine Manufactory traced its colorful roots back to 1848. Several notable locomotives were built in Schenectady. Among these was one of two steam locomotives that took part in the historic "Golden Spike Ceremony" celebrating the completion of the transcontinental railway. This was the Central Pacific Railroad's "Jupiter" that was built in 1869. By 1900 ALCO had an annual production capacity of about 3000 locomotives. Of these, one-quarter were built in Schenectady, like the 1910 example seen above. In 1910, ALCO built its 50,000th locomotive.
Overall, ALCO was the second-largest loco